Article: Mitochondrial Efflux of Citrate and Isocitrate Is Fully Dispensable for Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion and Pancreatic Islet β-Cell Function
Authors: Casey J Bauchle, Kristen E Rohli, Cierra K Boyer, Vidhant Pal, Jonathan V Rocheleau, Siming Liu, Yumi Imai, Eric B Taylor, Samuel B Stephens
Journal: Diabetes. 2021 Aug;70(8):1717-1728
The defining feature of pancreatic islet β-cell function is the precise coordination of changes in blood glucose levels with insulin secretion to regulate systemic glucose homeostasis. While ATP has long been heralded as a critical metabolic coupling factor to trigger insulin release, glucose-derived metabolites have been suggested to further amplify fuel-stimulated insulin secretion. The mitochondrial export of citrate and isocitrate through the citrate-isocitrate carrier (CIC) has been suggested to initiate a key pathway that amplifies glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, though the physiological significance of β-cell CIC-to-glucose homeostasis has not been established. Here, we generated constitutive and adult CIC β-cell knockout (KO) mice and demonstrate that these animals have normal glucose tolerance, similar responses to diet-induced obesity, and identical insulin secretion responses to various fuel secretagogues. Glucose-stimulated NADPH production was impaired in β-cell CIC KO islets, whereas glutathione reduction was retained. Furthermore, suppression of the downstream enzyme cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase (Idh1) inhibited insulin secretion in wild-type islets but failed to impact β-cell function in β-cell CIC KO islets. Our data demonstrate that the mitochondrial CIC is not required for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and that additional complexities exist for the role of Idh1 and NADPH in the regulation of β-cell function.
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