Recent insights on the use of topical steroids in eosinophilic esophagitis

Article: Recent insights on the use of topical steroids in eosinophilic esophagitis

Authors: Aditi Reddy, Divya Ashat, Arvind R Murali

Journal: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Jul 7;1-11.

Introduction: Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated, chronic inflammatory disorder of the esophagus. Topical steroids have been used in the management of EoE for over 15 years. However, there are no Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug therapies for EoE.

Areas covered: This review discusses the current understanding of EoE and the role of topical steroids in the induction and maintenance of remission in patients with EoE. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature, summarized randomized control trials from 2006 to 2020, and provided a simplified management algorithm for EoE.

Expert opinion: In patients with EoE, topical steroids are effective in inducing clinical and histologic remission. Formulations of topical steroids that maximize the exposure to esophageal mucosa have the highest efficacy. A majority of patients who achieve remission with topical steroids develop clinical and histologic relapse off therapy within a year. Current evidence suggests that maintenance therapy with long-term topical steroids decreases the risk of relapse and progression to fibrostenotic disease. While uncertainty over the dose and duration of maintenance topical steroids and their potential side effects exists, long-term maintenance therapy with topical steroids appears to be the way forward to improve long-term outcomes in patients with EoE.

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