Article: Long-Term Health-Related Quality of Life of Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Patients and Nontransplant Patients With Aggressive Lymphoma: A Prospective Cohort Analysis
Authors: Christopher S Strouse, Melissa C Larson, Shawna L Ehlers, Kathleen J Yost, Matthew J Maurer, Stephen M Ansell, David J Inwards, Patrick B Johnston, Ivana N Micallef, Brian K Link, Umar Farooq, James R Cerhan, Carrie A Thompson
Journal: JCO Oncol Pract. 2022 Jul;18(7):e1069-e1080
Purpose: This study assessed the long-term quality of life (QOL) of patients with aggressive lymphoma subtypes treated with autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) compared with those without history of transplant.
Methods: Patient-reported QOL measures were prospectively gathered from patients enrolled in the Iowa/Mayo Specialized Program of Research Excellence Molecular Epidemiology Resource cohort with aggressive lymphoma subtypes. QOL was measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Profile of Mood States instruments and with a numeric rating scale for overall QOL and spiritual QOL. The autoHCT group and no HCT groups were compared at 3 years (FU3) and 6 years (FU6) after lymphoma diagnosis.
Results: In total, 980 patients with lymphoma (106 autoHCT and 874 no HCT) diagnosed between 2002 and 2013 were included for analysis. The mean FACT-G total score was similar in the autoHCT and no HCT groups at FU3 (89.9 v 90.1, P = .64) and also at FU6 (91.5 v 89.6, P = .44). No differences between the autoHCT and no HCT groups were identified in the FACT subscales. The STAI identified lower anxiety in the autoHCT group by mean STAI1 (state) at FU3 (30.1 v 33.4, P < .01) and by mean STAI2 (trait) at FU6 (30.1 v 33.5, P = .02). No other clinically meaningful differences were identified between the two groups using the other QOL instruments.
Conclusion: Patients remaining in remission at 3 and 6 years after diagnosis had a high level of QOL with no significant differences associated with history of treatment with autoHCT.
Link to journal online: https://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/OP.21.00694