Article: Effect of travel distance and rurality of residence on initial surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma in VA primary care patient with cirrhosis
Authors: Yolanda Rodriguez Villalvazo MD, MPH, Jennifer S. McDanel PhD, Lauren A. Beste MD, MSc, Antonio J. Sanchez MD, Mary Vaughan‐Sarrazin PhD, David A. Katz MD, MSc
Journal: Health Serv Res. 2020 Feb;55(1):103-112
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between travel distance and surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma among veterans with cirrhosis.
DATA SOURCES: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) inpatient and outpatient administrative data were linked to geocoded enrollee files. CMS-VHA merged data were used to assess receipt of Medicare-financed non-VA imaging.
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of US veterans diagnosed with cirrhosis between 2009 and 2015 was examined. First available abdominal imaging following the diagnosis of cirrhosis was analyzed separately as a function of travel distance to the nearest VA medical center (VAMC) and to the patient’s assigned VA primary care provider. Veterans with dual use of Medicare and VA services were also examined for receipt of imaging outside of the VA.
PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Veterans who resided more than 30 miles from the nearest VAMC were less likely to receive any imaging for HCC surveillance. Among dual users, increased travel distance between the patient’s residence and nearest VAMC was associated with an increased likelihood of receiving any abdominal imaging at non-VA facilities.
CONCLUSION: Increased travel distance to the nearest VA medical center reduces the likelihood of receiving imaging for HCC surveillance in cirrhotic veterans. Future efforts should focus on reducing geographic barriers to HCC surveillance.
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