Article: Utility of high resolution mapping to guide ablation of ventricular arrhythmias from the aortic sinuses of Valsalva
Authors: Faisal Matto, Dev Venugopal, Prashant D Bhave, Troy E Rhodes, Alexander Mazur
Journal: J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2021 Aug 7. doi: 10.1007/s10840-021-01040-9. Online ahead of print.
Purpose: Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) arrhythmias are commonly targeted from the aortic sinuses of Valsalva (SOV). Both presystolic potentials during ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and late diastolic potentials during sinus rhythm have been recognized as markers of successful ablation sites. The study aimed to evaluate the utility of high resolution mapping (HRM) with small and closely spaced electrodes for guiding ablation of VA from the SOV.
Methods: Seventeen patients with LVOT VA underwent HRM in the SOV with either PentaRay (13) or Orion (4) catheters. Ablation was guided by low amplitude high frequency potentials that were identified with HRM and tagged on the electroanatomic map.
Results: High frequency low amplitude potentials during sinus rhythm (late) or VA (early) were demonstrated with HRM in all 17 consecutive patients; while these potentials were either absent or usually had a far-field appearance in the recordings obtained at the same sites with a 3.5-mm standard ablation catheter. On intracardiac echocardiogram, sites with these potentials corresponded to the bases of the sinuses adjacent to the LV ostium. Ablation was acutely successful in 16 out of 17 patients. Significant reduction in VA burden (≥ 90%) was noted in 15 patients.
Conclusions: High frequency low amplitude potentials during sinus rhythm (late) and VA (early) are consistently recorded using HRM in the SOV in patients with VA arising from the aortic sinuses of Valsalva. Standard ablation catheters have limited resolution for detecting these potentials. HRM may potentially improve outcomes of ablation of VA originating from the aortic SOV.
Link to journal online: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10840-021-01040-9