Article: Meta-Analysis of Catheter Ablation Outcomes in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia
Authors: Mehul Adhaduk, Bishow Paudel, Kan Liu, Mahi Ashwath, Michael Giudici
Journal: Am J Cardiol. 2022 Jul 1;174:136-142
Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) frequently leads to ventricular tachycardia (VT), which is often refractory to antiarrhythmic and/or immunosuppressive medications and requires catheter ablation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the role of catheter ablation in patients with refractory VT undergoing catheter ablation. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases from their inception to December 31, 2021 with search terms “cardiac sarcoidosis” AND “electrophysiological studies OR ablation.” Fifteen studies were ultimately included for evaluation. Patient demographics, VT mapping, and acute and long-term procedural outcomes were extracted. A total of 15 studies were included in our meta-analysis, with a total of 401 patients, of whom 66% were male, with ages ranging from 39 to 64 years. A total of 95% of patients were on antiarrhythmics and 79% of patients were on immunosuppressants. Left ventricular ejection fraction ranged from 35% to 49% and procedure duration ranged from 269 to 462 minutes. Ablation was reported using both irrigated and nonirrigated catheter tips. A total of 25% of patients (84/339) underwent repeat ablation. Acute procedural success was achieved in 57% (161/285). Procedure complications occurred in 5.7% (17/297) procedures. VT recurrence after first ablation was 55% (confidence interval 48% to 63%, 213/401); VT recurrence after multiple ablations was 37% (81/220). The composite end point of death, heart transplant, and left ventricular assist device implantation was 21% (confidence interval 14% to 30%, 55/297). In conclusion, catheter ablation is a useful modality in patients with CS with refractory VT. However, patients with CS presenting with refractory VT after undergoing VT ablation carry a poor prognosis.
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